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Economic Data


Citizens

10.4 million inhabitants (2007)
Population Density 63,4  inhabit. / km ²
The population growth 1.0% per year (2008 estimate)
Illiteracy rate 14,2% (2005)
Commercial languages
Arabic, French
Capital Tunis, 1.9 million people with its suburbs
Fixed telephone lines 2007: 1,3 millions
Mobile phone users 2007: 7,8 millions
Internet Users >2007: 1,7 millions
Number of Automobiles 2007: 974,700 millions d’euros (852.400 voitures)
Agricultural Commodities Les céréales, les olives, les raisins, les agrumes, les dattes
Mineral Commodities Phosphates, minerai de fer, le pétrole, le gaz naturel, zinc, plomb, sel
Currency Dinar Tunisien (TD); 1 TD = 1000 millièmes
Exchange rate (annual average)

2008:1 US $ = 1.34 TD, 1 euro = 1,78 TD

2007: 1 US $ = 1.29 TD, 1 euro = 1,77 TD

2006: 1 US $ = 1.34 TD, 1 euro = 1,69 TD

2005: 1 US $ = 1.31 TD, 1 euro = 1,63 TD

Gross Domestic Product (GDP nom.) (Mrd. tD)

2004: 35,2; 2005: 37,7; 2006: 41,2;Estimations: 2007: 44,9; 2008: 49,1

Gross Domestic Product (GDP nom.) (Mrd. U.S. $)

2004: 28,3; 2005: 29,0; 2006: 31,0;Estimations: 2007: 35,0; 2008: 39,2

GDP per Inhabitant (U.S. $)

2004: 2.846; 2005: 2.891;Estimations: 2006: 3.044;2007: 3.398; 2008: 3.760

Economic growth (%) 2003: 5,6; 2004: 6,0; 2005: 4,0; 2006: 5,5; 2007: 6,3; 2008: 5,5
Composition of GDP (% real)

2007: Les services: 43,2 (dont le transport et la Communication: 29.0; Tourisme: 14,2);

Les Services financiers: 8,4%, Commerce: 24,8; Industrie: 19.2

Industrie alimentaire: 18.0, Matériaux de Construction et de Verre: 10.4,

L’ingénierie mécanique et électrique: 22,6;

chimie: 10,0;

Industrie textile: 26,6; Matière première pour Industrie: 14.0, Énergie: 41,7,

Infrastructure: 42,3, l’agriculture: 11,5

Use of GDP (%)

2006: Household consumption: 63.2, 14.4 Government consumption: 14.4 Gross fixed capital: 23.6

Economic growth by sector (% in real terms)

2007: Agriculture and fisheries: 1.4; mining -1.1: -1.1, Energy: 15.2; Industry: 6.7, construction: 2.9 Transportation, communication: 14.0; hotel 3.5

Inflation rate (%) 2004: 3.6; 2005: 2.0; 2006: 4.5; 2007: 3.1; Estimate 2008: 4.7
Unemployment (officially in%) 2004: 13,9; 2005: 14,2; 2006: 14,3; 2007: 14,1
Budget balance (% of GDP) 2004: -2,8; 2005: -3,2; 2006: 2,9; 2007: 3,0; Prévisions 2008: -3,0
International Trade (in billion. U.S. $) (Import) 2007 : 18,8
International Trade (in billion. U.S. $) (Exporting) 2007 : 15,0
Import of goods (% of total imports)

2007: Raw materials and semi-finished products: 41.8, Consumption: 10.3 26.6 Investment, Energy: 12.3 Food: 7.0

Export of goods (% of total exports)

2007: The Textile, Garment and Leather: 30.2; Energy: 16.2; Agricultural Product. and Foodstuffs: 6.0, and the chemistry of Phosphates: 6.5

Main trading partners. Major suppliers (2007,%)

Germany: 7,9

Belgium: 2.5

China: 3,4

Spain: 4,7

France: 21,4

United Kingdom: 1,9

Italy: 19,3

Libya: 3,4

USA: 3,0

Others: 32,5

The main buyers of the country (2007 in %)

Germany: 8,2

Belgium: 2.4

Spain: 5,2

France: 32,2

United Kingdom: 4,3

Italy: 23,3

Libya: 4,6

Holland: 2.4

Other: 32,5

Association Agreement The Association Agreement (AA) between Tunisia and the European Union (EU) signed in 1995, entered into force on 1 March 1998. The agreement, first signed between the EU and countries of the southern Mediterranean, is part of the political process launched by the Barcelona Conference of 1995. The reference document is the Declaration from the Conference, which identifies three areas of cooperation between the EU and the Southern Mediterranean:

 

  1. a political and security partnership
  2. an economic and financial partnership
  3. a social, cultural and human partnership

The AA reflects this comprehensive approach in relations, because it is a complete document, structured under the following headings:

  1. Policy Dialogue
  2. Free movement of goods
  3. Right of establishment and services
  4. Payments, capital, competition and other economic provisions
  5. Economic Cooperation
  6. Social and Cultural Cooperation
  7. Financial Cooperation
  8. General institutional provisions and final

Double Taxation Agreement Tunisia has signed a double taxation agreement with many countries
Member of the United Nations since 1956
Membership in other organizations Arab League

Importation de biens (% du total des importations)


Carte géographique de la Tunisie


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